Disability

Romania: Law 448/2006, with regard to the protection and promotion of handicapped persons, Republished in 2008 (Legea nr. 448/2006 republicata 2008, legea privind protectia si promovarea drepturilor persoanelor cu handicap)

This is the full text (in Romanian only) of the republished version of Law 448/2006, with regard to the protection and promotion of persons with disabilities, enacted by the Parliament on 03 January 2008. It has been in force since 06 January 2008.

Romania: Law 272 of 21 June 2004 for the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Children

This is the full text (in Romanian only) of Law 272 of 21 June 2004 for the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Children enacted by the Parliament. It was adopted on 23 June 2004 and it has been in force since 1 January 2005, except the provision of Art. 17 (2), Art 19(3), Art 84, (2), Art 104 (2), Art. 105 (5), Art. 107 (2) and Art. 117, which entered into force on 26 June 2004.

France: Law no. 2007-131 of 31 January 2007 relative to access to credit by persons who present a risk by reason of their health

This is the full text (in French only) of the Law no. 2007-131 of 31 January 2007 relative to access to credit by persons who present a risk by reason of their health (Loi n°2007-131 du 31 janvier 2007 relative à l'accès au crédit des personnes présentant un risque aggravé de santé), enacted by France. It was adopted on 31 January 2007 and has been in force since 31 January 2007.

France: Law no. 2002-303 of 4 March 2002 relative to the rights of the sick and the quality of the health system

This is the full text (in French only) of the Law no. 2002-303 of 4 March 2002 relative to the rights of the sick and the quality of the health system (Loi n°2002-303 du 4 Mars 2002 relative aux droits des malades et à la qualité du système de santé), enacted by France. It was adopted on and has been in force since 4 March 2002. It was last modified on 28 August 2005.

EU COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 2000/78/EC of 27 November 2000 establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation

This directive prohibits employment discrimination on the grounds of religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation. Article 2 prohibits both direct and indirect discrimination and defines harassment as amounting to discrimination. Articles 4-6 provide for exceptions to the principle of equal treatment. Other key provisions of the directive include shifting of the burden of proof and the prohibition of victimisation.

UN HRC. General Comment No. 24: Issues relating to reservations made upon ratification or accession to the Covenant or the Optional Protocols thereto, or in relation to declarations under article 41 of the Covenant (Art. 41)

The Comment discusses the procedure by which States Parties may express reservations to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Reservations made by States Parties that are discriminatory will not be accepted. States cannot reserve the right to practice slavery, torture, the execution of pregnant women and children, or the advocacy of national, racial or religious hatred; nor may they reserve the right to restrict the rights of minorities to maintain their culture or to restrict freedom of religion.

UN CCPR General Comment No. 31 [80]: Nature of the General Legal Obligation Imposed on States Parties to the Covenant (adopted on 26 May, 2004)

The Comment discusses the responsibility of States Parties' to ensure protection and enforcement of rights and freedoms guaranteed by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights for all people in their territory, regardless of citizenship. These rights and freedoms include protection from discrimination. The obligation to respect and ensure the rights that are guaranteed by the Covenant should take effect immediately.

World Federation of the Deaf Policy: Education Rights for Deaf Children

This paper reveals that the literacy rate of the Deaf is far below that of the average population – an issue that needs to be addressed. Stating that Deaf children have the same intellectual and social abilities as other children, WFD encourages governments to provide equal quality and access to education for all. Furthermore, WFD points out that the use of sign language in schools is necessary for Deaf children’s learning process and the denial of their access to sign language is a violation of linguistic human rights.

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