Nepal Constitution 2015

The Nepal Constitution which includes a section on new citizenship provisions which has implications on the ability of women to confer nationality on their children. Although the constitution now states either mothers or fathers can confer citizenship on their children, there are still a number of discriminatory provisions against women to pass on nationality on an equal basis with men.  

New Report Launched on How and Why States Must Reform Gender Discriminatory Nationality Laws

Geneva, 22 September 2015

Today, a report which focuses on the devastating impact of discriminatory nationality laws in Madagascar and Nepal has been launched by the Equal Rights Trust. It outlines how, in some countries with such laws, women are not able to pass on citizenship to their children and identifies the myriad problems that result from this.

My Children's Future: Ending Gender Discrimination in Nationality Laws

A report from the Equal Rights Trust which assesses the negative impact of gender discriminatory laws in Madagascar and Nepal which affect families lives as they are unable to access housing, jobs, education and healthcare alongside other basic human rights. The report also looks at countries which have reformed their laws - sharing their experiences and lessons. It serves to raise awareness on the issue and to encourage the remaining 27 countries around the world who implement such laws to enact reform and improve the lives of families affected. 


Nepal is one of 27 countries worldwide which maintain nationality laws under which women are unable to transfer their nationality to their children on an equal basis with men.

National Code (Muluki Ain) 2020 (1963)

The National Code of Nepal (in Nepalese only) is the first unified law enacted in the 20th Century, more specifically, on 2020 Bhadra 1 (1963) with the objective of maintaining peace and fostering good relations among people irrespective of class, caste or region. Procedural, criminal, civil, and penal provisions are incorporated in the law. The National Code has been amended many times due to changing social, political, and economical situation of Nepal.