The Universal Declaration of Human Right in the 21st Century: A Living Document in a Changing World

A reported produced by the Global Citizenship Commission, chaired by former British Prime Minister, Gordon Brown. The report examines how the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) can be updated and implemented in the 21st Century. The report findings were presented to Secretary-General of the United Nations, Ban Ki-moon, on 18 April 2016.

Evidence of Discrimination in Public Accommodations Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity: An Analysis of Complaints Filed with State Enforcement Agencies, 2008-2014

Extract on the report taken from the website of the Williams Institute: Lesbian gay bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people file public accommodations discrimination complaints based on sexual orientation and gender identity as frequently as people of colour and women file complaints based on race and sex. This study examines complaints filed with state enforcement agencies based on sexual orientation or gender identity, race, and sex and adjusted them by the number of adults most likely to experience each type of discrimination – LGBT people, people of colour, and women. Data on discriminat

Backlash, Consensus, Legitimacy, or Polarization: The Effect of Same-sex Marriage Policy on Mass Attitudes

Abstract from the article: What are the effects of judicial action and policy implementation on attitude change? The previous literature indicates that attitudes may change, but there is some debate about its direction...In 2013, the U.S. Supreme Court made historic decisions on same-sex marriage, and residents in some states had same-sex marriage legalized. Given this variation, we decompose the multiple pathways attitudes change among residents in different policy contexts over time.

Transgender Inclusion in State Non-discrimination Policies: The Democratic Deficit and Political Powerlessness

Abstract from the article: Transgender people—people whose gender identity or expression is different from their assigned sex at birth—and their allies advocate for the inclusion of gender identity or transgender in state non-discrimination policies. These policies generally proscribe discrimination in employment, housing, and public accommodations.

Equal Rights Trust Case Summary Obergefell et al. v. Hodges, Director, Ohio Department of Health, et al.

In a 5 – 4 ruling delivered on 26 June 2015, the US Supreme Court determined that the right to marriage equality was protected by the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution. The decision in the case, Obergefell v Hodges, means that same-sex marriage is now legal in all 50 US states.

The Obergefell v Hodges case concerned two men whose same-sex partners had died and fourteen same-sex couples who all brought cases in their respective District Courts challenging either the denial of their right to marry or the right to have their marriage performed elsewhere recognised in their own state.

Supreme Court of the United States Judgement on Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Petitioner v.Abercrombie & Fitch Stores, Inc

Judgement from the Supreme Court of the United States on a case involving the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Petitioner representation of Samantha Elauf v Abercrombie and Fitch. Elauf a practicing Muslim wears a headscarf following her religious belief. She applied for a job at a clothing store, Abercrombie and Fitch, and was invited for an interview. During the interview neither Elauf nor the interviewer mentioned the headscarf, and Elauf was rated well for her skills.