These proceedings concern a state’s response to complaints of persistent and serious gender-based violence. This violence was perpetrated by a private actor – the applicant’s ex-partner – and was reported to the police on a number of occasions. The applicant claims that the state authorities failed to protect her against such violence and that the police refused to institute criminal proceedings in connection with the allegations of abuse and battery against the perpetrator. The applicant also claims that the existing legal framework in Russia is deficient due to the absence of legal provisions dealing with domestic violence, including the absence of protective measures such as restraining orders. The Trust does not comment on the facts of the case, but seeks to make submissions which are relevant to the circumstances.